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Universal Design for Learning
Curriculum Considerations

Predict, Overcome, and Plan (P.O.P.) Model

This lesson planning model was created by Matt BergmanOpens in a new window as an approach to minimize barriers. He named this UDL lesson design strategy “P.O.P.,” which stands for: Predict, Overcome, and Plan. The central actions in this model are predicting barriers that might exist in our methods, materials, and assessments. We’ll be returning to P.O.P. as the course progresses.


Predict a related potential barrier


Methods and/or materials to overcome the barrier


A plan to implement that will overcome the barrier

Some have found that the P.O.P. model can be used at multiple levels, for program design, course design, as well as lesson planning. It also works for other types of planning such as student service provision. To add reflection to the P.O.P. model, you could consider adding an E for “executing the plan” and an R for “reflection.” Throughout this course, you will see many examples of the ways that various educators have put UDL to use in their work. See which models or ideas suit you as you progress through the course and reflect on your own design and teaching practice!

Plus-One Approach

Some educators worry about having to overhaul their courses to properly implement UDL. As we mentioned earlier, UDL is a reflective practice that is iterative and incremental. One great way to start small and build proficiency is the Plus-One ApproachOpens in a new window, a method for quickly retrofitting existing lessons to be more supportive. Dr. Thomas Tobin formulated this strategy to facilitate the application of UDL without starting from scratch. As you'll see, you're just changing one thing (even if that change is taking something away) – you’re doing a “Plus-One” (Tobin & Behling, 2018).

As you go through the modules and consider the ideas presented, perhaps you’ll consider adding one more strategy for inclusionOpens in a new window or one more learning material that provides greater representation; or you may provide one more option for an assessment format in your course design. It’s a great way to begin focusing your UDL lens, making future planning faster, easier, and more impactful.

You will notice a variety of reflection points throughout the modules. In keeping with employing reflective practice as a tool, we suggest that you record your reflective thoughts ongoingly. You may find them useful as time goes on, and you can also choose to share them with your learning community.

Take a moment to try this Concept Quiz:

In this mastery oriented multiple-choice quiz, you can see how you do and get feedback. If you can have two screens open on your device, you can leave it open while you search for answers: open book or scavenger hunt style!

Multiple choice activity

Concepts quest


If using a mouse, trackpad, or touch device, press the radio button or label on the answer that applies to you.

If using a keyboard or screen reader, press the tab key to navigate between questions, and use the and the Up arrow and Down arrow keys to select your answer. To get your results, focus on the Submit button and press Enter to submit the form.

If the answer you select is incorrect keep trying! Once you select the correct answer(s) you will be able to navigate to the next question.

Question 1 of 8
The Engagement Principle is concerned with:
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